Oceans, seas and other marine resources are essential to human well-being and social and economic development worldwide. Their conservation and sustainable use are central to achieving the 2030 Agenda, especially for small island developing States. Marine resources are particularly important for people living in coastal communities, who represented 37 per cent of the world's population in 2010. Oceans provide livelihoods, subsistence and benefits from fisheries, tourism and other sectors. They also help regulate the global ecosystem by absorbing heat and carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. However, oceans and coastal areas are extremely vulnerable to environmental degradation, overfishing, climate change and pollution.
|14.5.1 Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas||Tier I|
|14.1.1 Index of Coastal Eutrophication (ICEP) and Floating Plastic debris Density||Tier III|
|14.2.1 Proportion of national Exclusive Economic Zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches||Tier III|