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Asia and the Pacific


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Natural Resources

Indicators on resource use and emissions help monitor patterns and rates of resource use and efficiency in countries. This data is intended to help governments understand how economic growth patterns influence resource use; evaluate the impacts of policies adopted in the past; and develop effective strategies to improve resource efficiency through targeted SCP policies and actions.

The database below enables users to search 4 domains (Energy, Materials, GHG, Water). To do so, use the Search box on the right. To download the dataset with Asia Pacific data, click on Download dataset. To chart the data, click on the Chart option available in all rows. For specific country data on flows, visit the country page on UNEP Live.

The dataset is based on international data sources. Please refer to the Technical Annex

Download image Download full dataset for Asia and the Pacific    Download imageBulk Download (all countries)


Indicator Chart SDG Link Units 1970* 1980* 1990* 2000* 2010*
Domestic Energy Production Chart SDG 7, SDG 9, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 33,001.88 50,136.52 76,039.02 101,216.06 170,253.67
Domestic Extraction of Materials from the Environment (Total) Chart SDG 12, t 5,351,371,264.00 7,585,187,840.00 11,907,554,304.00 18,612,869,120.00 35,666,890,752.00
Domestic Material Consumption (Biomass) Chart SDG 8, SDG 12, t 2,999,862,272.00 3,681,128,448.00 4,895,105,024.00 6,296,401,408.00 8,047,489,536.00
Domestic Material Consumption (Biomass) per capita Chart SDG 8, SDG 12, t/cap 1.50 1.50 1.64 1.83 2.10
Domestic Material Consumption (Construction Minerals) Chart SDG 8, SDG 9, SDG 12, t 1,297,154,560.00 2,047,711,104.00 3,982,915,072.00 8,211,787,776.00 19,181,907,968.00
Domestic Material Consumption (Construction Minerals) per capita Chart SDG 8, SDG 12, t/cap 0.65 0.83 1.34 2.39 5.01
Domestic Material Consumption (Fossil Fuels) Chart SDG 7, SDG 8, SDG 12, SDG 13 t 968,224,704.00 1,509,113,344.00 2,316,269,312.00 3,237,884,160.00 6,120,499,200.00
Domestic Material Consumption (Fossil Fuels) per capita Chart SDG 7, SDG 8, SDG 12, SDG 13 t/cap 0.48 0.61 0.78 0.94 1.60
Domestic Material Consumption (Metals Ores) Chart SDG 8, SDG 12, t 470,755,424.00 760,964,736.00 1,179,556,352.00 1,721,340,800.00 3,590,506,496.00
Domestic Material Consumption (Metals Ores) per capita Chart SDG 8, SDG 12, t/cap 0.24 0.31 0.40 0.50 0.94
Domestic Material Consumption (Total) Chart SDG 8, SDG 12, t 5,735,996,928.00 7,998,917,632.00 12,373,846,016.00 19,467,413,504.00 36,940,402,688.00
Domestic Material Consumption (Total) per capita Chart SDG 8, SDG 12, t/cap 2.87 3.25 4.15 5.66 9.64
Energy Exports Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ -3,537.12 -7,469.99 -12,337.83 -21,243.50 -35,021.38
Energy Footprint (Agriculture) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 0.00 0.00 1,732.92 2,180.40 2,467.75
Energy Footprint (Construction) Chart SDG 7, SDG 9, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 0.00 0.00 999.31 1,202.78 1,611.68
Energy Footprint (Manufacturing) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 0.00 0.00 26,047.07 30,339.18 49,223.55
Energy Footprint (Mining and Energy) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 0.00 0.00 22,934.97 38,208.26 73,678.87
Energy Footprint (Services) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 0.00 0.00 4,596.96 6,049.04 8,000.61
Energy Footprint (Total) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 0.00 0.00 66,544.75 91,724.01 157,396.05
Energy Footprint (Total) per capita Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 GJ/cap 0.00 0.00 22.31 26.66 41.09
Energy Footprint (Transport) Chart SDG 7, SDG 9, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 0.00 0.00 10,234.05 14,248.70 22,334.06
Energy Footprint Intensity Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 MJ/$ 0.00 0.00 10.75 10.58 11.83
Energy Imports Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 15,432.12 20,785.84 27,941.31 46,856.44 76,530.01
Energy Intensity Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, MJ/$ 17.19 16.64 14.63 14.34 15.32
GHG Emissions (Agriculture) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt 1,776,134.25 1,891,713.50 2,083,347.88 2,171,872.00 2,580,488.25
GHG Emissions (CH4) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt CO2-eq 2,025,363.25 2,241,182.25 2,518,141.00 2,577,652.75 3,450,966.50
GHG Emissions (CH4) per capita Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 t CO2-eq/cap 1.02 0.92 0.86 0.76 0.90
GHG Emissions (CO2) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt CO2-eq 3,265,671.25 5,007,096.50 7,247,318.00 9,402,954.00 14,936,213.00
GHG Emissions (CO2) per capita Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 t CO2-eq/cap 1.64 2.05 2.47 2.77 3.90
GHG Emissions (Energy) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt 774,729.25 1,379,583.75 2,277,541.25 3,850,149.25 7,878,821.50
GHG Emissions (F-gases) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt CO2-eq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Emissions (F-gases) per capita Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 t CO2-eq/cap 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
GHG Emissions (Households) Chart SDG 9, SDG 12, SDG 13 kt 577,311.88 797,581.38 1,105,539.50 1,050,960.25 1,315,799.12
GHG Emissions (Industry) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt 1,126,288.88 1,583,559.75 2,121,147.75 2,698,902.75 5,033,464.50
GHG Emissions (Land use change) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt 934,632.94 1,463,502.62 1,957,930.38 1,785,269.62 1,114,865.38
GHG Emissions (N2O) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt CO2-eq 464,900.75 655,016.19 869,466.94 1,026,528.12 1,212,419.12
GHG Emissions (N2O) per capita Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 t CO2-eq/cap 0.23 0.27 0.30 0.30 0.32
GHG Emissions (Other) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt 73,196.29 95,649.23 105,221.35 101,998.87 128,729.46
GHG Emissions (Total) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt CO2-eq 5,769,917.00 7,946,654.00 10,703,034.00 13,153,746.00 19,953,688.00
GHG Emissions (Total) per capita Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 t CO2-eq/cap 2.90 3.25 3.65 3.87 5.21
GHG Emissions (Transport) Chart SDG 9, SDG 12, SDG 13 kt 275,270.09 436,273.78 653,512.38 980,272.00 1,273,141.00
GHG Emissions (Waste) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt 232,353.67 298,790.22 398,792.88 514,321.44 628,379.25
GHG Footprint (Agriculture) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt CO2-eq 0.00 0.00 3,809,422.25 3,868,063.75 4,129,936.50
GHG Footprint (Construction) Chart SDG 9, SDG 12, SDG 13 kt CO2-eq 0.00 0.00 222,776.77 303,330.06 429,273.00
GHG Footprint (Manufacturing) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt CO2-eq 0.00 0.00 2,046,307.25 2,402,757.75 4,219,978.50
GHG Footprint (Mining and Energy) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 kt CO2-eq 0.00 0.00 2,525,542.50 3,796,315.25 8,985,519.00
GHG Footprint (Services) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt CO2-eq 0.00 0.00 1,188,339.88 1,418,613.50 1,562,846.12
GHG Footprint (Total) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kt CO2-eq 0.00 0.00 10,736,304.00 13,190,297.00 21,214,228.00
GHG Footprint (Total) per capita Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 t CO2-eq/cap 0.00 0.00 3.60 3.83 5.54
GHG Footprint (Transport) Chart SDG 9, SDG 12, SDG 13 kt CO2-eq 0.00 0.00 943,915.25 1,401,217.00 1,886,670.50
GHG Footprint Intensity Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 kg CO2-eq/$ 0.00 0.00 1.73 1.52 1.59
GHG Intensity Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 kg/$ 2.40 2.12 1.73 1.52 1.50
Material Exports (Biomass) Chart SDG 12, t 63,933,472.00 104,943,512.00 175,909,152.00 237,526,656.00 375,486,784.00
Material Exports (Construction Minerals) Chart SDG 12, t 7,940,045.00 27,508,582.00 91,978,152.00 203,001,856.00 299,761,312.00
Material Exports (Fossil Fuels) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 t 88,738,000.00 193,021,280.00 356,385,056.00 675,234,368.00 1,195,863,552.00
Material Exports (Metal Ores) Chart SDG 9, SDG 12, t 75,011,984.00 162,622,608.00 241,942,528.00 352,475,008.00 1,083,878,016.00
Material Exports (Total) Chart SDG 12, t 235,623,504.00 488,095,968.00 866,214,912.00 1,468,237,824.00 2,954,989,568.00
Material Footprint (Agriculture) Chart SDG 12, t 0.00 0.00 2,431,222,784.00 3,219,649,024.00 4,334,191,104.00
Material Footprint (Biomass) Chart SDG 12, t 0.00 0.00 4,594,271,232.00 5,803,793,920.00 7,591,571,968.00
Material Footprint (Biomass) per capita Chart SDG 12, t/cap 0.00 0.00 1.54 1.69 1.98
Material Footprint (Construction Minerals) Chart SDG 9, SDG 12, t 0.00 0.00 3,698,952,960.00 7,215,237,120.00 17,036,529,664.00
Material Footprint (Construction Minerals) per capita Chart SDG 9, SDG 12, t/cap 0.00 0.00 1.24 2.10 4.45
Material Footprint (Construction) Chart SDG 9, SDG 12, t 0.00 0.00 3,004,943,104.00 5,220,975,104.00 11,540,032,512.00
Material Footprint (Fossil Fuels) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, t 0.00 0.00 2,196,869,376.00 3,153,515,008.00 5,567,213,056.00
Material Footprint (Fossil Fuels) per capita Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, t/cap 0.00 0.00 0.74 0.92 1.45
Material Footprint (Manufacturing) Chart SDG 12, t 0.00 0.00 3,517,615,104.00 5,193,967,104.00 10,277,579,776.00
Material Footprint (Metal Ores) Chart SDG 12, t 0.00 0.00 1,135,346,432.00 1,650,177,536.00 3,591,537,920.00
Material Footprint (Metal Ores) per capita Chart SDG 12, t/cap 0.00 0.00 0.38 0.48 0.94
Material Footprint (Mining and Energy) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, t 0.00 0.00 900,472,896.00 1,238,863,744.00 2,544,286,976.00
Material Footprint (Services) Chart SDG 12, t 0.00 0.00 1,496,155,008.00 2,509,800,960.00 4,269,550,080.00
Material Footprint (Total) Chart SDG 12, t 0.00 0.00 11,629,877,248.00 17,810,280,448.00 33,810,839,552.00
Material Footprint (Total) per capita Chart SDG 12, t/cap 0.00 0.00 3.90 5.18 8.83
Material Footprint (Transport) Chart SDG 9, SDG 12, t 0.00 0.00 257,857,600.00 397,262,208.00 770,857,024.00
Material Footprint Intensity Chart SDG 12, kg/$ 0.00 0.00 1.88 2.05 2.54
Material Imports (Biomass) Chart SDG 12, t 100,871,912.00 154,228,368.00 217,415,440.00 338,613,056.00 532,652,416.00
Material Imports (Construction Minerals) Chart SDG 9, SDG 12, t 19,901,384.00 47,826,676.00 109,016,456.00 319,100,256.00 282,832,704.00
Material Imports (Fossil Fuels) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 t 365,446,688.00 502,459,584.00 718,735,360.00 1,254,297,472.00 2,153,362,688.00
Material Imports (Metal Ores) Chart SDG 12, t 134,017,032.00 194,905,904.00 287,339,424.00 410,772,352.00 1,185,534,336.00
Material Imports (Total) Chart SDG 12, t 620,237,056.00 899,420,544.00 1,332,506,624.00 2,322,783,232.00 4,154,382,080.00
Material Intensity Chart SDG 12, kg/$ 2.39 2.14 2.00 2.25 2.78
Physical Trade Balance (Biomass) Chart SDG 12, t 36,938,436.00 49,284,856.00 41,506,284.00 101,086,392.00 157,165,648.00
Physical Trade Balance (Construction Minerals) Chart SDG 12, t 11,961,340.00 20,318,092.00 17,038,308.00 116,098,384.00 -16,928,602.00
Physical Trade Balance (Fossil Fuels) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 t 276,708,704.00 309,438,304.00 362,350,304.00 579,063,104.00 957,499,072.00
Physical Trade Balance (Metal Ores) Chart SDG 12, t 59,005,044.00 32,283,298.00 45,396,888.00 58,297,356.00 101,656,224.00
Physical Trade Balance (Total) Chart SDG 12, t 384,613,536.00 411,324,544.00 466,291,808.00 854,545,216.00 1,199,392,384.00
Total Primary Energy Supply (Coal) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 13,886.63 20,673.03 34,349.76 45,936.31 99,098.33
Total Primary Energy Supply (Coal) per capita Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 GJ/cap 6.85 8.53 11.88 13.65 26.60
Total Primary Energy Supply (Electricity) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ -0.14 -1.12 5.96 7.91 63.75
Total Primary Energy Supply (Electricity) per capita Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 GJ/cap 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02
Total Primary Energy Supply (Hydro-Electricity) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 673.76 933.40 1,430.53 1,846.57 3,929.37
Total Primary Energy Supply (Hydro-Electricity) per capita Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 GJ/cap 0.33 0.38 0.49 0.55 1.05
Total Primary Energy Supply (Natural Gas) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 501.57 2,361.76 5,487.67 10,426.24 19,588.78
Total Primary Energy Supply (Natural Gas) per capita Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 GJ/cap 0.25 0.96 1.84 3.03 5.15
Total Primary Energy Supply (Nuclear) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 101.41 971.86 2,854.26 5,091.63 5,896.25
Total Primary Energy Supply (Nuclear) per capita Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 GJ/cap 0.05 0.39 0.95 1.46 1.54
Total Primary Energy Supply (Petroleum) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 14,284.92 20,457.19 26,132.19 38,337.34 48,788.66
Total Primary Energy Supply (Petroleum) per capita Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 GJ/cap 7.02 8.32 8.81 11.19 12.91
Total Primary Energy Supply (Renewables) Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 13,990.86 16,831.00 20,282.10 22,557.78 26,372.39
Total Primary Energy Supply (Renewables) per capita Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 GJ/cap 6.89 6.92 6.95 6.65 6.99
Total Primary Energy Supply (Total) Chart SDG 12, SDG 13 PJ 43,438.99 62,257.31 90,574.62 124,272.85 203,870.47
Total Primary Energy Supply (Total) per capita Chart SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13 GJ/cap 21.38 25.51 30.94 36.55 54.30
Unit Price of Exports Chart SDG 12, $/kg 0.69 0.78 0.87 1.27 1.40
Unit Price of Imports Chart SDG 12, $/kg 0.34 0.45 0.59 0.75 0.92
Water Footprint (Agriculture) Chart SDG 6, SDG 12, Tl 0.00 0.00 2,793.37 2,716.28 2,827.86
Water Footprint (Construction) Chart SDG 6, SDG 9, SDG 12, Tl 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Water Footprint (Manufacturing) Chart SDG 6, SDG 12, Tl 0.00 0.00 352.76 332.46 344.44
Water Footprint (Mining and Energy) Chart SDG 6, SDG 7, SDG 12, Tl 0.00 0.00 12.25 12.41 12.76
Water Footprint (Services) Chart SDG 6, SDG 12, Tl 0.00 0.00 1.68 1.80 1.79
Water Footprint (Total) Chart SDG 6, SDG 12, Tl 0.00 0.00 3,156.21 3,063.82 3,187.65
Water Footprint (Total) per capita Chart SDG 6, SDG 12, kl/cap 0.00 0.00 1,058.13 890.38 832.15
Water Footprint (Transport) Chart SDG 6, SDG 9, SDG 12, Tl 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Water Footprint Intensity Chart SDG 6, SDG 12, l/$ 0.00 0.00 509.73 353.48 239.55
Water Intensity Chart SDG 6, SDG 12, l/$ 617.69 411.88 272.56 224.81 158.91
Water withdrawal (Agriculture) Chart SDG 6, SDG 12, Tl 1,330.23 1,388.53 1,476.12 1,577.17 1,705.60
Water withdrawal (Industry) Chart SDG 6, SDG 12, Tl 94.06 91.46 101.08 187.13 217.28
Water withdrawal (Municipal) Chart SDG 6, SDG 9, SDG 12, Tl 55.64 58.29 108.93 147.09 200.44
Water withdrawal (Total) Chart SDG 6, SDG 12, Tl 1,482.45 1,540.75 1,687.67 1,948.50 2,114.56
Water withdrawal (Total) per capita Chart SDG 6, SDG 12, kl/cap 741.51 625.89 565.80 566.26 552.02


* For values shown as "0.00" no positive real value was officially recorded in the base data sets used for any of the underlying components which make up this aggregated total.

Data Source: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), 2015, Indicators for a Resource Efficient and Green Asia and the Pacific - Measuring progress of sustainable consumption, green economy and resource efficiency policies in the Asia-Pacific region, Schandl, H., West, J, Baynes, T., Hosking, K, Reinhardt, W., Geschke, A., Lenzen, M. United Nations Environment Programme, Bangkok. Available at: http://www.unep.org/AsiaPacificIndicators

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