The goal of the Paris Agreement on climate change, as agreed at the Conference of the Parties in 2015, is to keep global temperature rise this century to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. It also calls for efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The annual UN Environment Emissions Gap Report 2018 will be released in November 2018. It presents an assessment of current national mitigation efforts and the ambitions countries have presented in their Nationally Determined Contributions, which form the foundation of the Paris Agreement. This year’s report also looks at fiscal policy, the role of innovation, and the role of non-state and subnational action. The report is being prepared by an international team of leading scientists, assessing all available information.
Ahead of the Global Climate Action Summit (San Francisco, 12-14 September 2018) a chapter on climate action by non-state actors such as cities, regions, business and investors, is pre-released. It provides an assessment of the role, impact and potential impact of non-state and subnational actors such as cities, states, regions, companies, investors, foundations, and civil society organizations. It also discusses the interaction between governments and non-state actors, the importance of government support for non-state action, and the need for non-state actors to follow good practices such as clear target setting and better reporting and monitoring.
The eighth UN Environment Emissions Gap Report provides an up-to-date scientific assessment of the global progress towards the emissions reductions required to be on track to meet the long-term goal of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The overall conclusion of the assessment is that government and other stakeholder’s emissions reduction commitments are far from the level of ambition required for an emissions pathway consistent with staying below a 2°C, let alone a 1.5°C, temperature increase.
Recognizing this significant ‘emissions gap’ and the urgent need to bridge it the Assessment Team provides a systematic review of the sectoral mitigation potential by 2030. The results are positive and unambiguous: technologies and institutional innovations are available to bridge the ‘emissions gap’ by 2030 at reasonable cost.
New for 2017 are brief assessments of the potential implications on the ‘emissions gap’ of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, and the new global market-based Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) under the auspices of the International Civil Aviation Organization.
Secondly, the report includes a detailed assessment of global developments in the coal sector that also examines the options and barriers for a gradual coal phase-out.
Thirdly, the report looks into the opportunities offered by limiting emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs). Reducing these pollutants will limit the rate of short-term warming and, when sustained and combined with CO2 reductions, will help limit long-term warming.
Finally, options for land-based and technological carbon dioxide removal that will become increasingly critical over this century to stay within the Paris goals are assessed.
The 2017 report has been prepared by 63 scientists from 49 institutions in 23 countries. The assessment builds on all available information, including that reviewed by the IPCC in its fifth assessment report, as well as more recent scientific studies.
The Emissions Gap Report 2016 Presentation by Dr. Michel den Elzen, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
The seventh UN Environment Emissions Gap Report provides an up-to-date scientific assessment of the global progress towards the emissions reductions required to be on track to meet the long-term goal of the UNFCCC. In particular, this year the report emphasizes the implications of the Paris Agreement’s strengthened goal of holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C, and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels for immediate and longer-term mitigation action.
The report addresses four principal questions:
Side event at COP 22, Marrakesh
The Emissions Gap Report 2016 – the emissions gap and opportunities for bridging it
Date: 8th November 2016
Time: 10:30 – 12:00
Venue: EU Pavilion, Room Brussels
Side Event Flyer
Joint high-level side event of UNFCCC and UNEP at COP 22, Marrakech
The Emissions Gap Report 2016 – the emissions gap and opportunities for bridging it Date: 14th November 2016
Time: 13:15 – 14:45
Venue: Room Mediterranean, Zone E
Side Event Flyer
The Emissions Gap Report 2015 Presentation by the UNEP Chief Scientist at the press conference (Geneva, 6 November 2015)
The sixth UNEP Emissions Gap Report provides a scientific assessment of the impacts of the submitted Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) on anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases. Like in the previous reports, this year’s report then compares the resulting emission level in 2030 with what science tells us is required to be on track towards the agreed political target of a temperature increase no more than 2°C by the end of the century. The report also provides data for the aspirational target of an increase below 1.5°C. In addition the report analyzes selected areas where enhanced action can be taken and how these actions can be accelerated and scaled up to close the ‘gap’. The following key questions are addressed:
Gap side event at COP-21
Key findings of the UNEP Adaptation Finance Gap Update and the UNEP Emissions Gap Report
Date: Friday 4 December 2015
Time: 18:30 - 20:00
Venue: Room Brussels, EU Pavilion, Blue Zone, Le Bourget, Paris
Presentation by Lead Authors at the UNFCCC COP 21 side event (Paris, 4 December 2015)
Joint side-event of UNFCCC and UNEP
Presentation of UNEP 2015 Emissions Gap Report
Date: Monday, 7 December 2015
Time: 13:15 - 14:45
Venue: Room Observer Room 3, Le Bourget, Paris
Sixteen major initiatives in the areas of cities and regions, companies and sectors such as energy efficiency, methane, agriculture, forestry and finance have been analyzed for the report on non-state climate mitigation action. The method used to quantify the emissions reductions that would result from the initiatives depends on the form of the commitments and the information available. The reductions relative to a business-as-usual scenario that aims to take account of current government policies were calculated. In addition, the totals to account for overlaps between initiatives, both in the same sector and between sectors were adjusted. A final adjustment was made to calculate what is additional to government pledges for emissions reductions.
This map shows the countries involved in climate litigation or in which climate litigation is being or has been pursued. The cases involve governments, corporations and individuals.
Source: Colombia Law School
"REDD+" is a mechanism that considers Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, including the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in order to create a financial value for the carbon stored in forests, offering incentives for developing countries. UN REDD Programme supports national REDD+ readiness efforts in 60 partner countries. The mitigation role played by REDD+ will feature in the last chapter of the EGR 2015 (to be released in November 2015).
The UN-REDD Programme provides technical support to countries in six interlinked work areas:
CLICC technical approach will combine qualitative and quantitative features in a common core with locally flexible options and associated metadata. The approach will evolve over time through shared experiences.
|CLICC will provide a combination of process and product elements, such as:|
|CLICC Learning Journey||Process for countries and international bodies to agree common parameters and methods for evolving CLICC products, building capacity|
|CLICC Proﬁle||Narrative-Based, adopting a standard structure across common categories, and capturing the underlying metadata|
|CLICC Dashboard||Quantitative or semi-quantitative, communicating impacts information ‘at a glance’, becoming more comprehensive over time|