Science and data for people



Countries having submitted INDCs

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Albania
  3. Algeria
  4. Andorra
  5. Angola
  6. Antigua and Barbuda
  7. Argentina
  8. Armenia
  9. Australia
  10. Azerbaijan
  11. Bahamas
  12. Bahrain
  13. Bangladesh
  14. Barbados
  15. Belarus
  16. Belize
  17. Benin
  18. Bhutan
  19. Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  20. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  21. Botswana
  22. Brazil
  23. Brunei Darussalam
  24. Burkina Faso
  25. Burundi
  26. Cabo Verde
  27. Cambodia
  28. Cameroon
  29. Canada
  30. Central African Republic
  31. Chad
  32. Chile
  33. China
  34. Colombia
  35. Comoros
  36. Congo
  37. Cook Islands
  38. Costa Rica
  39. Cote d'Ivoire
  40. Cuba
  41. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  42. Djibouti
  43. Dominica
  44. Dominican Republic
  45. Ecuador
  46. Egypt
  47. El Salvador
  48. Equatorial Guinea
  49. Eritrea
  50. Ethiopia
  51. Fiji
  52. Gabon
  53. Gambia
  54. Georgia
  55. Ghana
  56. Grenada
  57. Guatemala
  58. Guinea
  59. Guinea Bissau
  60. Guyana
  61. Haiti
  62. Honduras
  63. Iceland
  64. India
  65. Indonesia
  66. Iran
  67. Iraq
  68. Israel
  69. Jamaica
  70. Japan
  71. Jordan
  72. Kazakhstan
  73. Kenya
  74. Kiribati
  75. Krygyzstan
  76. Kuwait
  77. Lao People's Democratic Republic
  78. Latvia and the European Commission on behalf of the European Union and its Member States
  79. Lebanon
  80. Lesotho
  81. Liberia
  82. Liechtenstein
  83. Madagascar
  84. Malawi
  85. Malaysia
  86. Maldives
  87. Mali
  88. Marshall Islands
  89. Mauritania
  90. Mauritius
  91. Mexico
  92. Micronesia
  93. Monaco
  94. Mongolia
  95. Montenegro
  96. Morocco
  97. Mozambique
  98. Myanmar
  99. Namibia
  100. Nauru
  101. Nepal
  102. New Zealand
  103. Niger
  104. Nigeria
  105. Niue
  106. Norway
  107. Oman
  108. Pakistan
  109. Palau
  110. Panama
  111. Papua New Guinea
  112. Paraguay
  113. Peru
  114. Philipphines
  115. Qatar
  116. Republic of Korea
  117. Republic of Moldova
  118. Russian Federation
  119. Rwanda
  120. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  121. Saint Lucia
  122. Saint Vincent and Grenadines
  123. Samoa
  124. San Marino
  125. Sao Tome and Principe
  126. Saudi Arabia
  127. Senegal
  128. Serbia
  129. Seychelles
  130. Sierra Leone
  131. Singapore
  132. Solomon Islands
  133. Somalia
  134. South Africa
  135. South Sudan
  136. Sri Lanka
  137. Sudan
  138. Suriname
  139. Swaziland
  140. Switzerland
  141. Tajikistan
  142. Thailand
  143. The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  144. Togo
  145. Tonga
  146. Trinidad and Tobago
  147. Tunisia
  148. Turkey
  149. Turkmenistan
  150. Tuvalu
  151. Uganda
  152. Ukraine
  153. United Arab Emirates
  154. United Republic of Tanzania
  155. United States of America
  156. Uruguay
  157. Vanuatu
  158. Venezuela
  159. Viet Nam
  160. Yemen
  161. Zambia
  162. Zimbabwe

EGR 2018

  • Full Report - Coming soon...(November 2018)

  • Executive Summary - Coming soon...(November 2018)


The goal of the Paris Agreement on climate change, as agreed at the Conference of the Parties in 2015, is to keep global temperature rise this century to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. It also calls for efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The annual UN Environment Emissions Gap Report 2018 will be released in November 2018. It presents an assessment of current national mitigation efforts and the ambitions countries have presented in their Nationally Determined Contributions, which form the foundation of the Paris Agreement. This year’s report also looks at fiscal policy, the role of innovation, and the role of non-state and subnational action. The report is being prepared by an international team of leading scientists, assessing all available information.

Pre-release of chapter on non-state climate action

Ahead of the Global Climate Action Summit (San Francisco, 12-14 September 2018) a chapter on climate action by non-state actors such as cities, regions, business and investors, is pre-released. It provides an assessment of the role, impact and potential impact of non-state and subnational actors such as cities, states, regions, companies, investors, foundations, and civil society organizations. It also discusses the interaction between governments and non-state actors, the importance of government support for non-state action, and the need for non-state actors to follow good practices such as clear target setting and better reporting and monitoring.

EGR 2017

The eighth UN Environment Emissions Gap Report provides an up-to-date scientific assessment of the global progress towards the emissions reductions required to be on track to meet the long-term goal of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

The overall conclusion of the assessment is that government and other stakeholder’s emissions reduction commitments are far from the level of ambition required for an emissions pathway consistent with staying below a 2°C, let alone a 1.5°C, temperature increase.

Recognizing this significant ‘emissions gap’ and the urgent need to bridge it the Assessment Team provides a systematic review of the sectoral mitigation potential by 2030. The results are positive and unambiguous: technologies and institutional innovations are available to bridge the ‘emissions gap’ by 2030 at reasonable cost.

New for 2017 are brief assessments of the potential implications on the ‘emissions gap’ of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, and the new global market-based Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) under the auspices of the International Civil Aviation Organization.

Secondly, the report includes a detailed assessment of global developments in the coal sector that also examines the options and barriers for a gradual coal phase-out.

Thirdly, the report looks into the opportunities offered by limiting emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs). Reducing these pollutants will limit the rate of short-term warming and, when sustained and combined with CO2 reductions, will help limit long-term warming.

Finally, options for land-based and technological carbon dioxide removal that will become increasingly critical over this century to stay within the Paris goals are assessed.

The 2017 report has been prepared by 63 scientists from 49 institutions in 23 countries. The assessment builds on all available information, including that reviewed by the IPCC in its fifth assessment report, as well as more recent scientific studies.

EGR 2016

The seventh UN Environment Emissions Gap Report provides an up-to-date scientific assessment of the global progress towards the emissions reductions required to be on track to meet the long-term goal of the UNFCCC. In particular, this year the report emphasizes the implications of the Paris Agreement’s strengthened goal of holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C, and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels for immediate and longer-term mitigation action.
The report addresses four principal questions:

  1. What is the current status of pre-2020 mitigation action?
  2. What is the gap between the estimated level of global emissions in 2030 if the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions are fully implemented, and the range consistent with the well below 2°C or 1.5°C temperature goal?
  3. What are the possible emissions reduction contributions of non-state action and increased energy efficiency, and how can action in these areas be accelerated to enhance the ambition of nationally determined contributions?
  4. What do we know about the nexus between the Sustainable Development Goals and mitigation, and areas of alignment and conflict between the two?


Side event at COP 22, Marrakesh
The Emissions Gap Report 2016 – the emissions gap and opportunities for bridging it
Date: 8th November 2016
Time: 10:30 – 12:00
Venue: EU Pavilion, Room Brussels
Side Event Flyer

Joint high-level side event of UNFCCC and UNEP at COP 22, Marrakech
The Emissions Gap Report 2016 – the emissions gap and opportunities for bridging it Date: 14th November 2016
Time: 13:15 – 14:45
Venue: Room Mediterranean, Zone E
Side Event Flyer

EGR 2015

The sixth UNEP Emissions Gap Report provides a scientific assessment of the impacts of the submitted Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) on anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases. Like in the previous reports, this year’s report then compares the resulting emission level in 2030 with what science tells us is required to be on track towards the agreed political target of a temperature increase no more than 2°C by the end of the century. The report also provides data for the aspirational target of an increase below 1.5°C. In addition the report analyzes selected areas where enhanced action can be taken and how these actions can be accelerated and scaled up to close the ‘gap’. The following key questions are addressed:

  • What are the latest estimates of long-term emissions consistent with the target of holding the global temperature rise within 2°C/1.5°C above pre-industrial levels?
  • What is the progress on implementation of the ‘Copenhagen Pledges’ and other national commitments
  • Will the combined INDCs for 2030 (if fully implemented) be enough to stay within the emission range required to be consistent with the temperature target?
  • What are possible contributions in some of the key areas where action can be accelerated to enhance the ambition of national pledges both in the period before 2020 and after 2020? This year, International Cooperative Initiatives (ICIs) and reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) have been in the focus of the assessment. In addition an update is provided on the areas assessed in the earlier reports.


UNEP Chief Scientist, Jacqueline McGlade, presents the key findings of the Emissions Gap Report 2015
Press Release:
[Español ]

Press Conference
UNEP - Press Conference outlining global progress on cutting emissions (Geneva, 6 November 2015)

Gap side event at COP-21
Key findings of the UNEP Adaptation Finance Gap Update and the UNEP Emissions Gap Report
Date: Friday 4 December 2015
Time: 18:30 - 20:00
Venue: Room Brussels, EU Pavilion, Blue Zone, Le Bourget, Paris
Provisional agenda

Presentation by Lead Authors at the UNFCCC COP 21 side event (Paris, 4 December 2015)

Joint side-event of UNFCCC and UNEP
Presentation of UNEP 2015 Emissions Gap Report
Date: Monday, 7 December 2015
Time: 13:15 - 14:45
Venue: Room Observer Room 3, Le Bourget, Paris

Climate commitments of subnational actions (UNEP, 2015)

International Cooperative Initiatives (ICI's) hold significant promise for raising the level of emission reduction ambition needed to close the global emissions gap to 2020 impacting national and international climate change commitments.

Distribution of ICIs across thematic areas

UNEP Methodology

Sixteen major initiatives in the areas of cities and regions, companies and sectors such as energy efficiency, methane, agriculture, forestry and finance have been analyzed for the report on non-state climate mitigation action. The method used to quantify the emissions reductions that would result from the initiatives depends on the form of the commitments and the information available. The reductions relative to a business-as-usual scenario that aims to take account of current government policies were calculated. In addition, the totals to account for overlaps between initiatives, both in the same sector and between sectors were adjusted. A final adjustment was made to calculate what is additional to government pledges for emissions reductions.

This map shows the countries involved in climate litigation or in which climate litigation is being or has been pursued. The cases involve governments, corporations and individuals.

Source: Colombia Law School


"REDD+" is a mechanism that considers Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, including the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in order to create a financial value for the carbon stored in forests, offering incentives for developing countries. UN REDD Programme supports national REDD+ readiness efforts in 60 partner countries. The mitigation role played by REDD+ will feature in the last chapter of the EGR 2015 (to be released in November 2015).

Other partner countries:

  1. Benin
  2. Bhutan
  3. Burkina Faso
  4. Cameroon
  5. Central African Republic (the)
  6. Chad
  7. Chile
  8. Costa Rica
  9. Dominican Republic
  10. El Salvador
  11. Equatorial Guinea
  12. Ethiopia
  13. Fiji
  14. Gabon
  15. Ghana
  16. Guatemala
  17. Guinea
  18. Guinea Bissau
  19. Guyana
  20. India
  21. Jamaica
  22. Kenya
  23. Lao Peoples’ Democratic Republic (the)
  24. Liberia
  25. Madagascar
  26. Malawi
  27. Malaysia
  28. Mexico
  29. Morocco
  30. Myanmar
  31. Nepal
  32. Pakistan
  33. Peru
  34. Samoa
  35. South Sudan
  36. Sudan (the)
  37. Suriname
  38. Togo
  39. Tunisia
  40. Vanuatu
  41. Zimbabwe

REDD country map

UN REDD Programme methodology

The UN-REDD Programme provides technical support to countries in six interlinked work areas:

  1. Measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) and monitoring;
  2. National REDD+ governance;
  3. Transparent, equitable and accountable management of REDD+ funds;
  4. Engagement of Indigenous Peoples (IP), civil society and other stakeholders;
  5. Ensuring multiple benefits of forests and REDD+;
  6. REDD+ as a catalyst for transformations to a green economy through the Global Programme – Support to National Action and National Programmes.
This support is mainly divided in 2 components:
  1. Support to National REDD+ Action: Global Programme Framework 2011-2015 (SNA) to develop common approaches, data and analyses to support them on the way to REDD+ readiness
  2. National Programmes (NPs) are technical cooperation initiatives provided by the UN-REDD Programme at national level.
They are designed to support developing countries' efforts to prepare and implement comprehensive national REDD+ strategies and serve countries' REDD+ readiness needs.

Support to National REDD+ Action

National Programme Performance Data

Support to national programs

Overview of Targeted support

*Latin America and the Caribbean


What is CLICC?

The ‘Country Level Impacts of Climate Change’ (CLICC) Project is creating a common process to enable countries to communicate their climate impacts and vulnerabilities in a more consistent and transparent way.

CLICC core aims are:

  • Facilitate global understanding of country-level climate impacts to support action on climate change, by informing national mitigation and adaptation planning, and international dialogue
  • Promote good practice and collective learning in assessing climate impacts.

Why is CLICC important?

There is currently no international process for presenting consistent information on climate change impacts at national level. This means that it is hard to compare results from different assessments and different countries, or even to attempt a synthesis at country level.

The Value Proposition:

  • Assist countries in the delivery of NAPs and NDCs;
  • Provides a consistent platform for global stock taking on climate change impacts;
  • Transparent and more effective international informationsharing on climate change impacts;
  • Promotes south-south collaboration among countries on country-level impacts as well as shared best practice;
  • Better informed country-level engagement in international climate policy processes;
  • Building of national capacities for climate assessment to inform national mitigation and adaptation planning;
  • Informing the provision of support to countries that are lacking capacity to assess climate impacts.

CLICC in summary:

  • Focus on communication of scientific evidence for impacts at country level
  • A common frame connecting institutions and plans, nationally and internationally
  • Consistency and transparency with potential to compare impacts between countries
  • Collective learning and capacity building alongside development of products

Countries involved in the Durban project

  1. Argentina
  2. Australia
  3. Bangladesh
  4. Brazil
  5. China
  6. Egypt
  7. France
  8. Germany
  9. India
  10. Indonesia
  11. Italy
  12. Japan
  13. Kenya
  14. Mexico
  15. Peru
  16. Republic of Korea
  17. Russian Federation
  18. Saudi Arabia
  19. South Africa
  20. Spain
  21. Turkey
  22. United Kingdom
  23. United States of America

For country reports and factsheets, click on map below

CLICC country map

CLICC Journey

What will CLICC provide?

CLICC technical approach will combine qualitative and quantitative features in a common core with locally flexible options and associated metadata. The approach will evolve over time through shared experiences.

CLICC will provide a combination of process and product elements, such as:
CLICC Learning Journey Process for countries and international bodies to agree common parameters and methods for evolving CLICC products, building capacity
CLICC Profile Narrative-Based, adopting a standard structure across common categories, and capturing the underlying metadata
CLICC Dashboard Quantitative or semi-quantitative, communicating impacts information ‘at a glance’, becoming more comprehensive over time


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