Sixteen major initiatives in the areas of cities and regions, companies and sectors such as energy efficiency, methane, agriculture, forestry and finance have been analyzed for the report on non-state climate mitigation action. The method used to quantify the emissions reductions that would result from the initiatives depends on the form of the commitments and the information available. The reductions relative to a business-as-usual scenario that aims to take account of current government policies were calculated. In addition, the totals to account for overlaps between initiatives, both in the same sector and between sectors were adjusted. A final adjustment was made to calculate what is additional to government pledges for emissions reductions.
This map shows the countries involved in climate litigation or in which climate litigation is being or has been pursued. The cases involve governments, corporations and individuals.
Source: Colombia Law School
"REDD+" is a mechanism that considers Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, including the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in order to create a financial value for the carbon stored in forests, offering incentives for developing countries. UN REDD Programme supports national REDD+ readiness efforts in 60 partner countries. The mitigation role played by REDD+ will feature in the last chapter of the EGR 2015 (to be released in November 2015).
The UN-REDD Programme provides technical support to countries in six interlinked work areas:
Phase 1 of CLICC, completed in December 2014, explored the level of support for the concept of consistent presentation of climate-level impacts and set the foundations for the project through consultations with government officials and national experts from around 30 countries. The CLICC project team are now working with these countries to begin to develop a process in which national climate impacts can be presented in a standardised way. Current and potential participant countries represent a range of levels of economic development and geographies, including islands, deserts, mountainous, land-locked and coastal regions.
Phase 2 of the project, which started in January 2015, will :
Importantly, the project is creating an inclusive process that responds to the needs and aspirations of participant countries and the international community. Based on the dialogue that the project team have had with participating countries there are a number of overarching principles emerging which will guide the development of plans and options for CLICC in Phase 2: