Note: Click on the headings to expand or collapse panels.
Who owns the data we hold?
- BirdLife International, International Union for Conservation of Nature and United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre
- Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters
- European Commission JRC Joint Research Centre and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
- International Energy Agency
- International Labour Organization
- International Union for Conservation of Nature
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
- The MEA Information and Knowledge Management (IKM) Initiative
- UN Environment
- UN Secretary General SEA4All initiative, International Energy Agency (IEA) and the World Bank
- United Nations Children's Fund, World Health Organization and the World Bank joint child malnutrition inter-agency collaboration
- United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
- United Nations Development Programme
- United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization
- United Nations Millennium Development Goals
- United Nations Population Division
- United Nations Statistics Division
- United Nations World Tourism Organization
- World Bank Group
- World Health Organization
- World Trade Organization
List of nations that have followed the example of Data.gov in opening up a wide variety of data for citizens
- Burkina Faso
- Cabo Verde
- Central African Republic
- Cote d’ivoire
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Equatorial Guinea
- Guinea Bissau
- Hong Kong
- New Zealand
- Republic of Korea
- Sao Tome and Principe
- Sierra Leone
- Slovak Republic
- South Africa
- South Sudan
- Timor Leste
- United Kingdom
Source: U.S. General Services Administration, Technology Transformation Service (Data.gov)
Retrieved January 25, 2017.
G-20s Initiatives on Open Data.
- The G20 reiterated its commitment to implementing its 2015 anti-corruption open data principles , which themselves are based on the Open Data Charter. However, as Transparency International and the Web Foundation have pointed out, there is a significant gap between what’s been promised and what countries have actually done.
- The G20 did endorse an Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) report laying out best practices for how to use open data to combat corruption. This report complements the work that the Charter has done on this issue, including our Open Up Guide. Over the coming months we’ll be road-testing the Guide in Mexico to see how its findings play out in practice.
- The update on the progress to meet the Sustainable Development Goals included a commitment to: “Promote greater transparency, a culture of integrity and accountability in the public sector, including in public contracting, budget processes and customs, e.g. by the use of open data, building on the G20 Open Data Principles”. This is important work and backs up the efforts of the Open Government Partnership, Open Contracting Partnership and Global Initiative Fiscal Transparency (GIFT), amongst others.
- The G20 Climate and Energy Plan included a recommendation to improve the “availability and relevance of publicly available environmental data for financial analysis”. Sadly this is only a voluntary action, but it ties in with the efforts of the Charter, Open Data for Development (OD4D), Canadian Open Data Experience (CODE) and World Research Institute (WRI) to use open data to help tackle climate change.
- Recognizing the importance of bridging the digital gender gap, the G20 called for the development of metrics that “capture gender disaggregated data where possible on the level of access, use and benefits”. This is a crucial issue for development, as explained here by Reyes Montiel.
Source: Civic Commons Wiki
Retrieved January 31, 2017.
In July 2013, G8 leaders signed the G8 Open Data Charter, which outlined a set of five core open data principles. Many nations and open government advocates welcomed the G8 Charter, but there was a general sense that the principles could be refined and improved to support broader global adoption of open data principles.
Building on these efforts, and through an open, inclusive and representative process, a number open data champions from governments, multilateral organizations, civil society and private sector developed the International Open Data Charter.
The International Open Data Charter contains 6 principles
The Open Data Charter builds on the G8 Charter in a number of important ways:
- It is available for adoption by all national and subnational governments;
- It promotes the comparability and interoperability of data for increased usage and impact, with an entirely new principle;
- It acknowledges global challenges such as the digital divide, and the significant opportunities of open data for inclusive development;
- It recommends standardization (e.g. data and metadata);
- It encourages cultural change;
- It recognizes the importance of safeguarding the privacy of citizens and their right to influence the collection and use of their own personal data;
- It fosters increased engagement with citizens and civil society;
- It promotes increased focus on data literacy, training programs, and entrepreneurship; and
- It welcomes the adoption by other organizations, such as those from civil society or the private sector.
List of nations that have national laws and statutes available online according to the Open Definition
Source: Open Knowledge International (Global Open Data Index)
Retrieved January 26, 2017.
Participation in Selected International Environmental Agreements
Environmental Indicators: Governance
Participation in Selected International Environmental Agreements
Last update: December 2015
Choose a country from the following drop-down list:
Download entire dataset
United Nations Environment Programme Global Environment Outlook Data Portal (GEO Data).
The table presents the years of formalization of participation in a selection of international environmental treaties and conventions for the 193 United Nations member states only. Participation, in this table, means the country or area has become party to the agreements under the treaty or convention, which is achieved through a variety of means depending on country circumstances, namely: accession, acceptance, approval, formal confirmation, ratification, and succession. Countries or areas who have signed but not become party to the agreements under a given convention or treaty are thus indicated as non-participants. The years refer to the date that participation was formalized. No value, '…', indicates non-participation according to the source at the time of the latest update.
Participation can have special or country-specific provisions depending on the nature of the agreement and national circumstances. For more detailed country-specific information on participation under each agreement please visit the website of the secretariat for the convention/treaty.Below are the complete titles and secretariat websites for each of the selected environmental agreements in the table:
- Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (http://www.basel.int/)
- Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (https://cites.org/eng)
- Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (http://www.cbd.int/)
- Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) (http://www.cms.int/en)
- Kyoto Protocol (http://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/items/2830.php)
- Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (http://ozone.unep.org/)
- Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar Convention) (http://www.ramsar.org/)
- Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade (http://www.pic.int/)
- Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (http://chm.pops.int/)
- United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (http://www.un.org/Depts/los/convention_agreements/convention_overview_convention.htm)
- United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa (UNCCD) (http://www.unccd.int/en/Pages/default.aspx)
- United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (http://unfccc.int/2860.php)
- Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (UNESCO World Heritage Convention) (http://whc.unesco.org/en/conventiontext/)
All values in this table are taken from the UNEP GEO Data Portal website.
For more information see: http://geodata.grid.unep.ch.
OPEN DATA FOR CITIES
The first Open Cities Summit brought together key actors to explore how cities and citizens are implementing open data solutions to improve the everyday lives of citizens. The objective was to connect city-level open data users and providers to build a community for continued learning.
International Open Data Conference (IODC) illustrated a growing commitment to creating a network of cities using open data that accelerate innovation to address urban issues and build upon current activities.
Key examples of progressive open data initiatives working in cities include:
- City keys - European Performance Measurement Network for monitoring and comparing the implementation of Smart City Solutions;
- Media Mills - A consortium of partners that work in the local level as media producers, researchers, and others to create local impact;
- Mobility labs Madrid - An open platform to support urban mobility, allowing developers and data journalists to store and extract information:
OPEN DATA FOR TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY
International Open Data Conference (IODC) 2016 included several pre-events focused on open data for accountability, including those organized by the Follow the Money Network and Open Contracting, which focused on new projects, approaches, and tools to advance public financial accountability and open contracting respectfully. Other sessions put a spotlight on other accountability issues, including anti-corruption, Open Budgets, and Data Journalism. Each of these issues is supported by strong communities with emerging practices on how to improve accountability for public and private institutions.
Several current projects highlight the impact of open data on accountability, including:
- Civio – A Spanish organization that develops tools designed to promote transparency and accountability from knowing how the public budget is spent to mapping political actors and their interests;
- BuyandSell.gc.ca – A website that shares contracting data on all public procurement by the Government of Canada;
- Prozorro – A Ukrainian project that looks to launch a full-cycle electronic system of public procurement with the support of Transparency International;
- OpenCorporates – An initiative that campaigns for public beneficial ownership registries, and in partnership with the World Bank, maintains the Open Company Data Index, which benchmarks company registries based on data accessibility.
OPEN DATA FOR THE ENVIRONMENT
The Natural Resource Governance Institute hosted a two-day data dive into open data on extractives, including project level payment data, contracts, environmental information, and geospatial data.
The opening of resource and environmental data allows citizens, governments, students, and researchers to protect and defend the environment objectively. Platforms are being built to share this information more broadly among stakeholders, and to make environment analysis simpler and timelier.
Discussions and projects at International Open Data Conference (IODC) 2016 focused on data-driven decision making related to important environmental questions that are an ever increasing focus of open data efforts around the world, including:
- Global Forest Watch – Seeks to manage and conserve forest landscapes;
- Open Dev Mekong – A shared network of open databases on this topic;
- CartoCrítica – A mission to map projects with environmental repercussions and make them public.
OPEN DATA FOR HUMANITARIAN AID
International Open Data Conference (IODC) 2016 saw international aid discussed from many different perspectives, but humanitarian assistance and disaster management may have been the most prevalent. In both cases, impact can be slow to emerge, but as this community continues to grow and collaborate with the resources of international organizations, proven approaches are beginning to show real results.
Highlighted projects include:
- The Humanitarian Data Exchange – The goal of HDX is to make humanitarian data easy to find and use for analysis;
- Earthquake Response Open Nepal – Project in charge of tracking national and international financial flows and the use of these funds for relief and reconstruction activities;
- ThinkHazard! – A web-based tool enabling non-specialists to consider the impacts of disasters on new development projects;
- ZOOM – An open data platform for Data-Informed Strategy in combating the Aids Epidemic;
OPEN DATA FOR SCIENCE
This year’s International Open Data Conference (IODC) saw several discussions and examples of advances in open data to effectively share scientific research and discoveries in order to both broaden the benefits realized from completed research and to influence future research efforts. Following a pre-event on research open data, workshops during the conference also focused more than ever on innovative methods for opening scientific data and creating new tools to manipulate that data.
Highlighted projects and initiatives included:
- Spaghetti Open Data – A community-led project that that seeks to better understand scientific project funding through open data;
- MareData: A Spanish network that groups and consolidates research data in order to push collaboration between and across stakeholder groups.
OPEN DATA PRINCIPLES
The Open Data Charter was launched in September 2015 to provide governments with a common foundation upon which to realize the full potential of open data for their own jurisdiction. Over the past year, the Charter has been adopted by 41 national and sub-national governments.
- Move beyond political will to a stronger institutionalization of open data policies;
- Build greater synergy with other global agendas, including Open government and Sustainable Development Goals;
- Address challenges to the successful implementation of open data principles across jurisdictions.