The Rural Access Index (RAI) measures the proportion of the rural population who live within 2 km of an all-season road. It is included in the Sustainable Development Goals as indicator 9.1.1., providing a way of measuring progress towards Goal 9 and Target 9.1. Originally developed by the World Bank in 2006, the RAI is among the most important global development indicators in the transport sector, providing a strong, clearly understandable and conceptually consistent indicator across countries. Although the underlying methodology has been recently updated to leverage additional sources of data, the RAI remains the most widely accepted metric for tracking access to transport in rural areas.

World Bank is the custodian for SDG 9.1.1. Additional information, data and resources can be found on the World Bank Data Catalog site for Rural Access Index (RAI).

Contact: World Bank